Between January 7 and February 13,it settled the frontiers of all territories north of the Alps and laid the foundations for the settlement of Italy.
Territories had been bartered about without much reference to the wishes of their inhabitants. In the role of Foreign Minister, Metternich was almost single handedly responsible for the redrawing of the European and imperial maps in order to create the most successful balance of power Europe had ever seen.
With them came a host of courtiers, secretaries, and ladies to enjoy the magnificent social life of the Austrian court.
He recognised that Russian assistance in the future against Napoleonic France was of the first importance in terms of Austrian hopes for a recovery. Indeed, the Habsburg Empire was, bya Great Power in name only.
Tsar Alexander I of Russia directed his own diplomacy. Although an Emperor had dropped his hat Metternich did not stoop to pick it up. The Congress was adjourned but, forewarned or by luck, Metternich kept representatives of the powers close at hand until the revolt was put down.
The Congress of Troppau decreed that in the event of revolution a country could be expelled from the European Alliance, and armed intervention could be used to "bring back the guilty state into the bosom of the Great Alliance".
Before the French Revolutionary troops entered Mainzhe went to Brussels in the Austrian Netherlandswhere his father was then chief minister. His father was then the Austrian envoy to the Rhenish principalities of the empire, and Metternich spent his youth in the Rhine-Moselle region, for which he retained a lifelong affection.
The Coalition rejected this utterly, and agreement seemed further off than ever. It gained a lot of support because most European monarchs did not wish to offend the Tsar by refusing to sign it, and as it bound monarchs personally rather than their governments, it was easy to ignore once signed.
By earlyas they were closing in on Paris, Napoleon agreed to the Frankfurt proposals, too late, and he rejected the new, harsher terms then proposed. Comments hardly designed to sell himself to posterity as a great success.
As discussions began, Metternich pushed for the withdrawal of allied troops from France and means for preserving the unity of the European powers. He also softened in regard to the Germanic Kingdom of Saxonyand for the first time allowed Talleyrand to participate in all Big Four now Big Five discussions.
Resisting all ill-considered projects, in particular those of the archduke John who was put under house arrest for planning a premature anti-French rising in the AlpsMetternich firmly adhered to neutrality while Austria secretly rearmed. Prince Klemens von Metternich descended from the aristocracy, as did most men in the Royal courts of the nineteenth century.
In it seemed as if he would at last be able to carry out his idea of well-ordered government, but at the decisive moment Kolowrat managed to convert the archdukes John and Louis to his own theories. At the same time, the enthusiasm for arming the nation and for a German national rising against Napoleon, which he had felt as late asbegan to be superseded by a firm dislike for all popular movements.
Hanover was also enlarged. Biography, Ideology, Legacy You are here: He encouraged a Congess System where representatives of the powers were to meet periodically with the view considering if it was necessary to supress revolutionary movements.
It seems that the Austrian Emperor, Francis I, was of a notably reactionary outlook and this may well have helped to restrain any modest tendency towards flexibilty that Metternich might have himself favoured.
The Congress of Vienna, though, and the agreements that followed were the basis for, "no war involving several powers until the Crimean conflicts of the 's and no major war embroiling the whole of Europe until After two failed proposals, advanced by the Prussians, the issue was postponed until after a peace treaty had been signed.
We should not be surprised by the fact that the illusion was eventually shattered and exposed for what it was in Metternich did not return to Vienna to live until September and it was in that city that he died on June 11th, He was in favour of close supervision of the universities and an ambitious system of censorship intended to discourage radicalism of any kind.
It was that committee of five that was the real Congress of Vienna. It included a provision for the High Contracting Parties to "renew their meeting at fixed periods It was Castlereagh who insisted on Prussian acceptance of the latter territory, with which it had been suggested the king of Saxony should be compensated.
His most important achievement was the destruction of the system of the neo-Holy Alliance which, if unchallenged, must have dominated Europe. Yet Metternich could never overcome the objections of his strictly absolutist emperor. This arrangement was to be kept strictly secret.
Far from being a failure, he would appear to have a most dazzling series of achievements to his name.
Although the several powers gathered at Vienna had formerly been allies in war they strenuously disagreed amongst themselves over the post war settlement of Europe.
A man is the whole encyclopaedia of facts. First there was the problem of the organization of the congress, for which there was no precedent. In the Metternich family fled the revolutionary French armies to Vienna the capital city of the Austrian Habsburgs.
Metternich believed that the observation of the precepts of Religious and Social Morality to be a primary necessity to governing in line with natural laws. All Napoleon seemed to want was for Austria to remain neutral and the Tsar seemed prepared to accept that Austria would be prepared to ally with Russia if she had not been weakened by the recent serious defeats she had suffered.
His impact in world politics was undoubtedly one of the most profound.The age of Metternich (–) was the period in European history dominated by the conservative political philosophy of Austria’s foreign minister, Prince Klemens von Metternich.
Clemens von Metternich Biography Metternich (Clemens Wenzel Nepomuk Lothar von Metternich-Winneburg) was born into an aristocratic family on May 15th,in Coblenz, Germany. Metternich was an extremely intelligent man who turned his conservative beliefs into international policy. Metternich was a confident leader who put little faith in popular opinion or sentiment because he believed that the common man was too fickle in his loyalties and too inept to.
The correct answer of the given question above would be option B.
Metternich urged conservative leaders to suppress revolutionary ideas because he believed conservative leaders would protect basic rights and freedom/5(14). Metternich (Clemens Wenzel Nepomuk Lothar von Metternich-Winneburg) was born into an aristocratic family on May 15th,in Coblenz, Germany.
The father of the family, Count Francis George, was involved in diplomatic circles and, at the time of his son Clemens' birth, was in the service of the Habsburgs of Austria.
The Concert of Europe, Prince Metternich, Austrian Chancellor and an influential leader in the Concert of Europe.
The Concert of Europe, as developed by Metternich, drew upon their ideas and the notion of a balance of power in international relations.Download